Cyberduck Mountain Duck CLI

Version 12 (modified by dkocher, on Jul 21, 2010 at 9:45:47 AM) (diff)

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Cyberduck Help / Howto / SFTP

SFTP connections

If you have access to a server using a secure shell (SSH2), most probably sftp-server is also installed and configured and you can connect using SFTP.

OpenSSH Configuration Interoperability

The following configuration options from ~/.ssh/config are supported for SFTP connections:

  • IdentityFile for public key authentication.
  • HostName aliases.
  • User preference for login credentials.

Host keys are checked against and written to ~/ssh/known_hosts upon approval.

A bookmark will update its public key authentication setting from the IdentityFile configuration in ~/.ssh/config. Also when opening a new connection using File → Open Connection…, IdentityFile and User parameters in the OpenSSH user config file are auto completed.

Example configuration:

Host myhostname
	User myusername
	IdentityFile ~/.ssh/mykey-rsa

Contrary to OpenSSH, we do not use the keys named ~/.ssh/identity, ~/.ssh/id_rsa or ~/.ssh/id_dsa by default.

Public Key Authentication

Public-key authentication allows you to connect to a remote server without sending your password over the Internet. Public-key authentication uses two keys, a private key that only you have--it should be kept in a secure place and protected with a password. And the public key, which is placed on the server you wish to gain access to, usually by the system administrator when your account is set up. Private keys containing a DSA or RSA private key in PEM format are supported (look for -----BEGIN DSA PRIVATE KEY----- or -----BEGIN RSA PRIVATE KEY----- in the file) and can be configured in the Bookmark or Connection panel.

How to configure public key authentication?

  1. Run the command ssh-keygen from the Terminal.app to generate a public/private pair of keys. They will be put in your directory ~/.ssh, though you will probably be asked to approve or change this location. When you generate the keys you will be asked for a 'passphrase'. If you use a passphrase then you will have to enter it each time you use the keys for authentication. That is, you will have to type in the pass phrase everytime you log in, just as you would with a password. If you don't enter a passphrase (just press the return key) then you will be allowed to log-in without having to enter a passphrase. This can be more convenient, but it is less secure.
jungle:~/.ssh dkocher$ ssh-keygen -t rsa
  1. Copy the public key to the remote host you wish to access and add it to the file authorized_keys in your ~/.ssh directory. (If that file does not exist then you should create it.) Anybody listed in the authorized_keys file (via their public key) is allowed to log-in, provided that they can prove that they possess the corresponding private key. Thus if you have the private key in your .ssh directory on your home machine you'll be allowed in.
jungle:~/.ssh dkocher$ ssh hostname < id_rsa.pub 'cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys'
  1. In the Connection Dialog or the Bookmark editor in Cyberduck select Use Public Key Authentication and select the private key in your .ssh directory.

One-time password

Using a challenge-response authentication with one time password generators like SecurID is supported. After the initial login prompt for the username and password a second login prompt is displayed to enter the one-time passcode.

Using SCP for file transfers

You can choose to use SCP for file transfers instead of SFTP for possible higher throughput. Change the default setting in the Preferences.

Problems

  • The error message Illegal sftp packet len may indicate you have an echo statement in your shell init script like .bashrc. Make sure it does not output any text.

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